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  1. Changes to the game
  2. Individual Officiating Techniques
  3. New rules
  4. 5 criteria for unsportsmanlike fouls:
    1. Not a legitimate attempt to play the ball within the spirit and intent of the rules
    2. Excessive, hard contact caused by a player in an effort to play the ball or an opponent.
    3. An unnecessary contact caused by defensive player in order to stop the progress of the offensive team in transition. This applies until the offensive player begins his act of shooting.
    4. Contact by the defensive player from behind or laterally on an opponent in an attempt to stop the fast break and there is no defensive player between the offensive player and the opponent’s basket. This applies until the offensive player begins his act of shooting.
    5. Contact by the defensive player on an opponent on the court during the last 2 minutes in the fourth period and in each extra period, when the ball is out-of-bounds for a throw-in and still in the hands of the official or at the disposal of the player taking the throw-in.

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Art. 5 Players – Injury

5-1 Statement. If a player is injured or appears to be injured and, as a result, the coach, assistant coach, substitute or any other team bench personnel of the same team enters the playing court, that player is considered to have received treatment, whether or not actual treatment has been performed.

5-2 Example: A1 appears to have an injured ankle and the game is stopped.

  • (a) Team A’s doctor enters the playing court and treats A1’s injured ankle.
  • (b) Team A’s doctor enters the playing court but A1 has already recovered.
  • (c) Coach A enters the playing court to look after his injured player.
  • (d) Assistant coach A, substitute A or any other team bench personnel of team A enter the playing court but do not treat A1.

Interpretation: In all cases A1 is considered to have received treatment and shall be substituted.

Art. 10 Status of the ball

10-1 Statement. The ball does not become dead and the goal counts if made, when a player is in the act of shooting for a field goal and finishes his shot with a continuous motion while a player of the defending team commits a foul on any opponent after the continuous motion of the shooter has started. This statement is equally valid if any player or team bench personnel of a defensive team commits a technical foul.

10-2 Example: A1 has begun the act of shooting for a field goal when B2 commits a foul on A2. A1 finishes his shot with a continuous motion.

Interpretation: The goal, if made, shall count.

10-3 Example: A1 has begun the act of shooting for a field goal when A2 commits a foul on B2. A1 finishes his shot with a continuous motion.

Interpretation: The ball becomes dead when A2 commits a foul. The goal, if made, shall not count.

Art. 12 Jump ball and alternating possession

12-6 Example: Shortly after the game clock has sounded at the end of the 3rd period, B1 commits an unsportsmanlike foul on A1. Team A has the right for the alternating possession throw-in to start the 4th period.

Interpretation: A1 shall attempt 2 free throws before the start of the 4th period, with no line up. The 4th period shall start with a throw-in by team A at the centre line extended, opposite the scorer’s table. Team A shall not lose its right to the next alternating possession throw-in at the next jump ball situation.

Art. 16 Goal: When made and its value

16-9 Statement. A goal is made when a live ball enters the basket from above and remains within or passes through the basket entirely. When (a) a defensive team requires a time-out at any time during the game after a basket has been scored, (b) the game clock shows 2:00 minutes in the 4th period or in an extra period, the game clock shall be stopped when the ball has clearly passed the basket as shown in Diagram 1.

16-11 Example: A1 shoots for a field goal. B1 touches the ball while it is within the basket but has not yet entirely passed through the basket.

Interpretation: This is an interference violation.

Art. 18/19 Time-out / Substitution

18/19-15 Statement. Each time-out shall last 1 minute. Teams must promptly return to the playing court after the official blows his whistle and beckons the teams on the playing court. If a team extends the time-out beyond 1 minute, it is gaining an advantage by extending the time-out and causing also a delay of the game. A warning to that team shall be given by an official. If that team does not respond to the warning, an additional time-out shall be charged against the offending team. If the team has no time-outs remaining, a technical foul for delaying the game may be charged against the coach, recorded as ‘B’. If that team does not return to the playing court promptly after the half-time interval of play, a time-out shall be charged against the offending team.

18/19-17 Example: After the half-time interval of play, team A is still in its dressing room and therefore the start of the 3rd period is delayed.

Interpretation: After team A finally enters the playing court a time-out, without warning, shall be charged against team A.

Art. 29/50 24 seconds

29/50-12 Statement. If the game is stopped by an official for a foul or violation (not for the ball having gone out-of-bounds) committed by the team not in control of the ball and the possession of the ball is awarded to the same team that previously had control of the ball in the frontcourt, the shot clock is reset as follows:

  • If 14 seconds or more are displayed on the shot clock at the time the game was stopped, the shot clock shall not be reset, but shall continue from the time it was stopped.
  • If 13 seconds or less are displayed on the shot clock at the time the game was stopped, the shot clock shall be reset to 14 seconds.

29/50-18 Example: With

  • (a) 16 seconds
  • (b) 12 seconds

remaining on the shot clock, A1 passes the ball to A2 in their frontcourt when B1 in his backcourt deliberately kicks the ball with his foot or strikes the ball with his fist.

Interpretation: Team B’s violation. After the throw-in in the frontcourt team A shall have

  • (a) 16 seconds
  • (b) 14 seconds

remaining on the shot clock.

Art. 30 Ball returned to the backcourt

30-7 Statement. A live ball has been illegally returned to the backcourt when a team A player who is completely in the frontcourt, causes the ball to touch the backcourt, after which a team A player is the first to touch the ball either in the frontcourt or backcourt. However, it is legal when a team A player in the backcourt causes the ball to touch the frontcourt, after which a team A player is the first to touch the ball, either in the frontcourt or the backcourt.

30-9 Example: A1 and A2 are both standing in their frontcourt with both feet near the centre line when A1 attempts a bounce pass to A2. On the pass the ball touches the backcourt and then touches the frontcourt, after which the ball is touching A2.

Interpretation: Team A violation for illegally returning the ball to the backcourt.

Art. 31 Goaltending and Interference

31-5 Statement. Following the last or only free throw and after the ball has touched the ring, the free-throw attempt changes its status and becomes a 2-point field goal if the ball is legally touched by any player before it enters the basket.

31-6 Example: After A1’s last or only free throw, the ball has touched the ring and is bouncing above it. B1 tries to tap the ball away but the ball enters the basket.

Interpretation: The ball has been legally touched. The free-throw attempt has changed its status and team A’s captain on the playing court shall be awarded 2 points.

31-7 Statement. After the ball has touched the ring on a field goal attempt, last or only free throw or after the game clock has sounded for the end of the period and the ball has still the chance to enter the basket, a foul is called. It is a violation if any player then touches the ball.

31-8 Example: After A1’s last or only free throw, the ball has touched the ring and is bouncing above it when on the rebound A2 is fouled by B2 (3rd team foul). The ball still has the chance to enter and is touched by

  • (a) A3
  • (b) B3

Interpretation: This is an interference violation.

  • (a) No point shall be awarded. Both throw-in penalties cancel each other. The game shall be resumed with an alternating possession throw-in at the endline nearest to where the foul has occurred, except directly behind the backboard.
  • (b) A1 shall be awarded 1 point. The game shall be resumed with a team A throw-in at the endline nearest to where the foul has occurred, except directly behind the backboard.

31-9 Example: After A1’s last or only free throw, the ball has touched the ring and is bouncing above it when on the rebound A2 is fouled by B2 (5th team foul). The ball still has the chance to enter and is touched by

  • (a) A3
  • (b) B3

Interpretation: This is an interference violation.

  • (a) No point shall be awarded. A2 shall be awarded 2 free throws with no line-up. The game shall be resumed with a team B throw-in from the free-throw line extended.
  • (b) A1 shall be awarded 1 point. A2 shall be awarded 2 free throws. The game shall be resumed as after any normal free throw(s).

Art. 36 Technical foul

36-7 Statement. After it is discovered that a team is participating with more than 5 players, it is also discovered that points have been scored or a foul has been committed by a player of this team while participating illegally. All such points shall remain valid and any foul(s) committed by (or against) that player shall be considered as player fouls.

36-8 Example: With the game clock running, team A has 6 players on the playing court. This is discovered and the game is interrupted after:

  • (a) A1 commits an offensive foul.
  • (b) A1 scores a field goal.
  • (c) B1 fouls A1 during his unsuccessful shot for a field goal.
  • (d) The 6th player has left the playing court.

Interpretation:

  • (a) A1’s foul is a player foul.
  • (b) A1’s field goal shall count.
  • (c) A1 shall be awarded 2/3 free throws.

In (a), (b) and (c) the 6th team A player must leave the playing court and in addition in all cases a technical foul shall be charged against coach A, recorded as ‘B’.

  • (d) A technical foul shall be charged against coach A, recorded as ‘B’.

36-11 Statement. After having been notified of having committed his 5th foul, a player re-enters the game and scores a field goal or commits a foul or is fouled by an opponent before the illegal participation is discovered. All such points shall remain valid and any foul(s) committed by (or against) that player shall be considered as player fouls.

36-28 Statement. A player shall be disqualified when he is charged with 1 technical and 1 unsportsmanlike foul.

36-30 Example: A1 has committed an unsportsmanlike foul during the 1st half for stopping with an unnecessary contact the progress of the offensive team in transition. A technical foul is called against him during the 2nd half for faking being fouled.

Interpretation: A1 shall be automatically disqualified and shall go to and remain in the team’s dressing room for the duration of the game or, if he so chooses, he shall leave the building. The technical foul is the only foul to be penalised and no additional penalty for the disqualification shall be administered. The scorer must notify an official immediately when a player has committed 1 unsportsmanlike foul and 1 technical foul and should automatically be disqualified.

36-31 Statement. A player coach shall be disqualified if he was charged with the following fouls:

  • 2 technical fouls as a player
  • 2 unsportsmanlike fouls as a player
  • 1 unsportsmanlike foul and 1 technical foul as a player
  • 1 technical foul as a coach, recorded as ‘C’ and 1 unsportsmanlike or technical foul as a player
  • 1 technical fouls as a coach, recorded as ‘B’, 1 technical foul as a coach, recorded as ‘C’ and 1 unsportsmanlike or technical foul as a player
  • 2 technical fouls as a coach, recorded as ‘B’ and 1 unsportsmanlike or technical foul as a player
  • 2 technical fouls as a coach, recorded as ‘C’
  • 1 technical fouls as a coach, recorded as ‘C’ and 2 technical fouls as a coach, recorded as ‘B’
  • 3 technical fouls as a coach, recorded as ‘B’.

36-34 Example: Player coach A1 has committed a technical foul during the 2nd period for his personal unsportsmanlike behaviour as a coach, recorded as ‘C’. In the 4th period he has committed an unsportsmanlike foul against B1 as a player.

Interpretation: Player coach A1 shall be automatically disqualified and shall go to and remain in the team’s dressing room for the duration of the game or, if he so chooses, he shall leave the building. The unsportsmanlike foul is the only foul to be penalised and no additional penalty for the disqualification shall be administered. The scorer must notify an official immediately when a player coach has committed 1 personal technical foul as a coach and 1 unsportsmanlike foul as a player and should automatically be disqualified.

Art. 38 Disqualifying foul

38-5 Statement. When an assistant coach, substitute, excluded player or accompanying delegation member is disqualified and the coach is charged with a technical foul recorded as ‘B’, the penalty shall be the same as for any other disqualifying foul.

38-6 Example: A1 has been charged with his 5th personal foul. Frustrated, he verbally insults the official. A1 is charged with a disqualifying foul.

Interpretation: A1’s disqualifying foul is charged to the coach A and recorded as ‘B2’. The penalty shall be 2 free throws and possession of the ball for team B.

38-7 Statement. A disqualifying foul is any flagrant unsportsmanlike action by a player, coach or team bench personnel. It can be either:

  • (a) Against a person from the opposing team, officials, table officials and commissioner.
  • (b) Against any member of his own team.
  • (c) Against anybody else present in the sport venue including spectators.
  • (d) For any intentional physical actions damaging game equipment.

38-8 Example: The following flagrant unsportsmanlike actions occur:

  • (a) In the 3rd period A1 on the playing court punches his team-mate A2.
  • (b) A1 leaves the playing court and punches a spectator.
  • (c) A6 in his team bench area punches his team-mate A7.
  • (d) A6 hits the scorer’s table and damages the shot clock.

Interpretation: In (a) and (b) A1 and in (c) and (d) A6 shall be disqualified and shall go to and remain in his team’s dressing room for the duration of the game or, if he so wishes, shall leave the building. The penalty shall be 2 free throws for team B followed by a throw-in at the centre line extended, opposite the scorer’s table.

Art. 39 Fighting

39-3 Statement. When an assistant coach, substitute, excluded player or accompanying delegation member is disqualified in a fighting situation and the coach is charged with a technical foul recorded as ‘B’, the penalty shall be the same as for any other disqualifying foul.

39-4 Example: In a fighting situation, A6 has entered the playing court and has therefore been disqualified.

Interpretation: The foul is charged to the coach A and recorded as ‘B2’. As it is a disqualifying foul of A6, the penalty shall be 2 free throws and possession of the ball for team B.

39-5 Example: A1 and B1 start fighting on the playing court. A6 and B6 enter the playing court but do not get involved in the fighting. A7 also enters the playing court and punches B1 in his face.

Interpretation: A1 and B1 shall be disqualified, recorded as ‘D2’. A6, A7 and B6 are disqualified for having entered the playing court during fighting and coach A and coach B shall both be charged with a technical foul recorded as ‘B2’. On the scoresheet the remaining foul spaces of A6, A7 and B6 shall be filled with ‘F’. The penalties for both disqualifying and both technical fouls cancel each other.

Art. 44 Correctable errors

44-1 Statement. To be correctable the error must be recognized by the officials, table officials or commissioner, if present, before the ball becomes live following the first dead ball after the game clock has started following the error. That is:

  • Error occurs during a dead ball – Error is correctable
  • Ball live – Error is correctable
  • Game clock starts or continues to run – Error is correctable
  • Dead ball – Error is correctable
  • Ball live – Error is no longer correctable

After the correction of the error, the game shall be resumed and the ball shall be awarded to the team entitled to the ball at the time the game was interrupted to correct the error.

44-3 Example: A1 is fouled by B1 and is awarded 2 free throws. After the first successful free throw, B2 erroneously takes the ball and throws the ball in from the endline. While B3 is dribbling in his frontcourt and with 18 seconds remaining on the shot clock, the error of not having the A1’s 2nd free throw executed is discovered.

Interpretation: The game shall be stopped immediately. A1 shall be awarded his 2nd free throw with no line-up. The game shall be resumed with a team B throw-in at the place where the game was interrupted and with 18 seconds on the shot clock.

Art. 46 Crew chief: Duties and powers

46-5 Example: With 1:37 remaining on the game clock in the 4th period the shot clock signal sounds. At the same time, A1 scores a field goal and B1 is fouled under the basket by A2. The officials become uncertain if the ball was still in the hands of A1 then the shot clock has expired.

Interpretation: The IRS review can be used to decide whether a shot for a successful field goal was released before the shot clock signal has sounded. If the IRS review provides that the ball has been released before the shot clock has expired, the basket counts and the foul of A2 shall be administered. If the IRS review provides that the ball has been released after the shot clock has expired, the basket does not count and the foul of A2 shall be ignored.

46-6 Example: With 1:37 remaining on the game clock in the 4th period the shot clock signal sounds. At the same time, A1 scores a field goal and A2 is fouled under the basket by B1. The officials become uncertain if the ball was still in the hands of A1 when the shot clock has expired.

Interpretation: The IRS review can be used to decide whether a shot for a successful field goal was released before the shot clock signal has sounded. If the IRS review provides that the ball has been released before the shot clock has expired, the basket counts and the foul of B1 shall be administered. If the IRS review provides that the ball has been released after the shot clock has expired, the basket does not count and the foul of B1 shall be ignored.

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